To be eligible for Workforce Investment Act youth services, a youth must be age 14 - 21, low-income, and possess at least one of six specified characteristics:
- Deficient in basic literacy skills
- School dropout
- Homeless, runaway, or foster child
- Pregnant or parenting
- Offender, or
- Requires additional assistance to complete an educational program, or to secure and hold employment (including a youth with a disability).
Local service providers determine what program elements each youth needs through an assessment of the youth’s skills and needs. An individualized strategy is developed from assessment results, detailing the services needed as well as the sequence in which they should be provided. Youths may participate in multiple elements as indicated by assessment results and receive follow-up services for a minimum period of twelve months.